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​Enkelte reisemål øker risiko for urinveisinfeksjon

Reising, bading i ferskvann og antibiotikabruk påvirker risikoen for å få resistente tarmbakterier, viser studie. 

Publisert: 2014-12-09 — 06.00 (Oppdatert: 2015-05-09 — 08.37)

På verdensbasis antar man at en milliard mennesker har tarmbakterier som resistente mot antibiotika. Dette har økt kraftig de siste årene. 

Multiresistente bakterier
I sin doktorgradsavhandling  har lege og forsker Arne Søraas ved Avdeling for medisinsk mikrobiologi ved Vestre Viken sett nærmere på hva som har forårsaket multiresistente ESBL-bakterier hos pasienter med urinveisinfeksjon. 

ESBL er en bakterie som er motstandsdyktig mot mange typer antibiotika. Søraas og kollegene har undersøkt hvordan livsstil og antibiotikabruk henger sammen med risikoen for å få disse bakteriene. 

Fant sammenhenger
Det viste seg at pasienter som var rammet av disse bakteriene ofte nettopp hadde vært i et land der slike bakterier er vanlig. Særlig Egypt, Thailand og India pekte seg ut som land med høy risiko. Pasienter som hadde badet i ferskvann eller fått mye antibiotika den siste tiden, var også mer utsatt for resistente bakterier, viste studien. 

Forskerne fant ut at antibiotikumet mecillinam er et aktuelt valg i behandlingen av disse bakteriene.

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